List of human ethnic groups

From Genomics.org

The list of human ethnic groups

We try to use as many country codes as possible to match ethnicities.

List of countries
 

Abazins Northwest Caucasian languages → Abazgi → Abaza Abazinia (Russia) 0.1 million significant populations in TurkeyEgypt and Ukraine Islam → Sunni
Abkhazians Northwest Caucasian → Abazgi → Abkhaz Abkhazia[note 1] 0.2 million[1]   Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Acehnese Austronesian → Chamic → Acehnese Aceh (Indonesia) 4.1 million[2] Aneuk Jamee Islam → Sunni Islam
Acholi Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Luo → Acholi Acholiland (UgandaSouth Sudan) 1 million[3]   Christianity
Afemai Niger–Congo → Edoid → Afenmai Edo State (Nigeria) 0.5 million[citation needed]   Christianity
Afar Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Afar Afaria (EthiopiaDjiboutiEritrea) 2.1 million[4]   Islam
Afrikaners Indo-European → Germanic → Dutch → Afrikaans South Africa (Northern and Western Cape), Namibia 3.5 million[5] BoersWhite NamibiansWhite BotswanansColoureds (including Cape ColouredsGriquaBastersOorlamGoffal) Christianity → Protestantism
Agaw Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Agaw[note 2] Horn of Africa (EthiopiaEritrea)[note 3] 1.5 million[citation needed] BilenXimreAwiQemant Christianity → Oriental Orthodoxy
Ahom Kra–Dai → Tai → Ahom[note 4] Assam (India) 1.3–8 million[6]   Hinduism
Aimaq Indo-European → Iranian → Persian → Aimaq Afghanistan 0.7 million[7] Aimaq HazaraFirozkohiJamshidiKipchakTimuriTaymani Islam → Sunni Islam
Aja Niger–Congo → Kwa → Gbe → Adja BeninTogo 1.1 million[8]   Traditional African religions
Adjoukrou Niger–Congo → Kwa → Adjukru Dabou (Ivory Coast) 0.1 million   Christianity
Akan Niger–Congo → Kwa → Akan[note 5] Gold Coast (Ghana)[note 6] 20.9 million[9] Twi (including Ashanti and Akuapem), FanteAbbéAbidjiAhafoAhantaAkwamuAkyemAnyiAowinAssinAttieAvatimeAvikamBaouléBrongChakosiEvalueM'BatoNzemaSefwiTchamanWassaAbureAlladianGhanaians, along with numerous slave descendants such as Antiguans and BarbudansAfrican AmericansAfro-BahamiansAfro-BarbadiansAfro-BraziliansAfro-DominicansAfro-HaitiansAfro-Saint LuciansAfro-TrinbagoniansAmerico-LiberiansBelizean Creoles and Curaçaoans Christianity
Akha Sino-Tibetan → Loloish → Hani → Akha Yunnan (China)[note 7] 0.6 million[10] Akeu Animism
Albanians Indo-European → Albanian AlbaniaKosovoNorth Macedonia 4.2 million[11] GhegsTosks (including Arbëreshë and Arvanites), KosovarsCham AlbaniansMacedonian Albanians, along with significant populations in TurkeyGermanySwitzerland and the United States Islam
Alur Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Luo → Alur West Nile sub-region (Uganda), Ituri (Democratic Republic of the Congo) 1.7 million[12]   Christianity
Ambonese Austronesian → Malayic → Malay → Ambonese Malay Ambon Island (Indonesia) 0.3 million[13]   Christianity → Protestantism
Ambundu Niger–Congo → Bantu → Kimbundu Angola 2.4 million[14] numerous slave descendants such as Angolares and Curaçaoans Christianity
Amhara Afroasiatic → Semitic → Ethiopic → Amharic Amharia (Ethiopia) 19.9 million[15]   Christianity → Oriental Orthodoxy
Amis Austronesian → Formosan → Amis Taiwan (Taitung and Hualien Counties) 0.2 million[16]   Christianity
Anaang Niger–Congo → Cross River → Ibibio-Efik → Anaang Akwa Ibom State (Nigeria) 2.6 million[17]   Christianity
Anuak Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Luo → Anuak Anuakia (Ethiopia), Boma (South Sudan) 0.1 million[18]   Christianity
Apache Dené–Yeniseian → Na-Dene → Apachean[note 8] Apacheria (United States) 0.1 million[19] ChiricahuaJicarillaLipanMescaleroSalineroPlains ApacheWestern Apache Native American religion → Native American Church
Arabs Afroasiatic → Semitic → Arabic Arabia (YemenOmanQatarBahrainKuwaitSaudi ArabiaUnited Arab Emirates)[note 9] 450 million[20] BedouinsDruzeShirazis (including ZanzibarisComorians and Maores), BaggaraArab-Berbers (including AlgeriansLibyansMauritaniansMoroccansSahrawis and Tunisians), BahrainisSudaneseEgyptiansIraqis (including Marsh Arabs), JordaniansLebanese (including Maronites), KuwaitisOmanis (including Dhofaris), QatarisSaudis (including RashaidaHejazis, and Najdis), Syrians (including Alawites), PalestiniansEmiratisYemenis (including HadhramiTa'izzis-AdenisAkhdamSanʽani, and Tihami), along with significant populations in BrazilIndonesiaIranTurkeyPakistan (including Mugheri), VenezuelaAfghanistan, and the United States Islam
Argobba Afroasiatic → Semitic → Ethiopic → Argobba[note 10] Ethiopia (AfarHarariAmhara, and Oromia Regions)[note 3] 0.1 million[15]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Armenians Indo-European → Armenian Greater Armenia (ArmeniaRepublic of ArtsakhTurkey)[note 11] 6[21]–8 million[22] Turkish Armenians (including Armenians in IstanbulHemshin and Hidden Armenians), CherkesogaiArmeno-TatsHayhurum Karabakhis, along with significant populations in Russia, the United StatesFranceGeorgia (including the Javakheti Armenians), Lebanon, and Germany Christianity → Oriental Orthodoxy
Aromanians Indo-European → Romance → Aromanian Balkans (GreeceAlbaniaNorth Macedonia)[note 3] 0.3 million[23] Significant populations in GreeceAlbania, and Macedonia Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Assyrians Afroasiatic → Semitic → Neo-Aramaic[note 12] Assyria (IraqIranSyriaTurkey)[note 13] 2[24]–4 million[25] ChaldeansTyariMandaeansIraqis (including and Marsh Arabs), Syrians (including Alawites), Rûm, along with significant populations in the United StatesSweden, and Israel Christianity
Atoni Austronesian → Timoric → Uab Meto West Timor (Indonesia), Oecusse (East Timor) 0.5 million[26] Amarasi Christianity
Atyap Niger–Congo → Plateau → Atyap Kaduna State (South Sudan) 0.2 million[citation needed]   Christianity
Austrians Indo-European → Germanic → German → Bavarian Austria 8.1 million[27] South Tyroleans, along with significant populations in United StatesCanada, and Australia Christianity → Catholicism
Avars Northeast Caucasian → Avar Avaristan (Russia) 1.3 million[28]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Awadhis Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Hindustani → Awadhi Awadh (India) 3.9 million[29] Barhai Hinduism
Aymara Aymaran → Aymara BoliviaPeruChile 3 million[30] Mestizos such as Bolivians Christianity → Catholicism
Azerbaijanis Turkic → Oghuz → Azerbaijani AzerbaijanIranian Azerbaijan (Iran) 30–35 million[31] AyrumsBayatKaradaghisQajarsKüresünniQarapapaqsShahsevanTerekemeYerazAfsharIranian Azerbaijanis, along with significant populations in Georgia and Russia Islam → Shia Islam
Bahnar Austroasiatic → Bahnar Central Highlands (Vietnam) 0.2 million[32]   Animism
Bai Sino-Tibetan→ Bai Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture (China) 1.9 million[33]   Buddhism
Bakossi Niger–Congo → Bantu → Akoose Bakossi Mountains (Cameroon) 0.2 million[34]   Christianity → Catholicism
Balanta Niger–Congo → Atlantic → Senegambian → Balanta Guinea-BissauSenegalThe Gambia 0.5 million[35]   Traditional African religions
Balinese Austronesian → Balinese Bali (Indonesia) 3.9 million[2] Bali Aga Hinduism
Balkars Turkic → Kipchak → Balkar Kabardino-Balkaria (Russia) 0.1 million[28]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Balochs Indo-European → Iranian → Balochi Balochistan (PakistanIranAfghanistan) 10 million[36] AskaniBajkaniBangulzaiBarazaniBhurgariBugtiBulediChandioDarzadaDehwarDodaiDombkiGabolGhaziniJamaliJatoiKalmatiKhetranKunaraLanghaniLangoLashkraniLoharaniLundMarriMazariMengalMiraliMugheriMuhammad ShahiMullazaiNothazaiPitafiQaisraniRindSadozaiSethwiShaikhzadahTalpurTaukiUmraniYarahmadzaiZardariMakrani, along with significant populations in the United Arab Emirates (including Al Balushi) and Turkmenistan Islam → Sunni Islam
Balti Sino-Tibetan → Tibetic → Balti Gilgit-Baltistan (Pakistan) 0.3 million[37]   Islam → Shia Islam
Bamars Sino-Tibetan → Burmese Myanmar 32.9 million[38] TaungyoYawInthaDanuAnglo-Burmese Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Bambara Niger–Congo → Mande → Manding → Bambara Mali 4.1 million[39] Haratin Islam
Bamileke Niger–Congo → Grassfields → Bamileke[note 2] Cameroon (West and Northwest Regions) 2.1 million[40] MengakaNgiemboonNgombaleNgombaNgweYembaFe'fe'Ghomala'Kwa’Nda’nda’Medumba Christianity
Bamum Niger–Congo → Grassfields → Bamum West Region (Cameroon) 0.4 million[41]   Islam
Banda Niger–Congo → Ubangian → Banda[note 2] Central African RepublicSouth SudanDemocratic Republic of the Congo 1.3 million[42] Central BandaSouth BandaWest Banda Christianity
Banjarese Austronesian → Malayic → Malay → Banjarese South Kalimantan (Indonesia) 4.1 million[2]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Bari Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Bari Central Equatoria (South Sudan), Uganda 0.8 million[43] PojuluKakwaNyangwaraMandariKuku Christianity
Bariba Niger–Congo → Gur → Bariba Borgu (BeninNigeria) 1.1 million[44]   Islam
Bassa Niger–Congo → Kru → Bassa Bassaland (Liberia) 0.6 million[45]   Christianity → Protestantism
Bashkirs Turkic → Kipchak → Bashkir Bashkortostan (Russia) 1.6 million[28]   Islam
Basques Basque[note 14] Basque Country (SpainFrance) 1.2 million[46] Significant populations in ArgentinaChileColombiaMexicoVenezuela, and Uruguay Christianity → Catholicism
Batak Austronesian → Northwest Sumatra–Barrier Islands → Batak[note 2] North Sumatra (Indonesia) 8.5 million[2] AngkolaKaroMandailingPakpakSimalungunTobaAlasKluetSingkil Christianity → Protestantism
Beja Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Beja SudanEgyptEritrea 1.9 million[47] BishariAbabdaHadendoaHedarebAmararBeni-Amer Islam → Sunni Islam
Belarusians Indo-European → Slavic → Belarusian[note 15] Belarus 10 million[citation needed] Significant populations in the United StatesUkraine, and Russia Christianity → Eastern Orthodox
Bemba Niger–Congo → Bantu → Bemba Zambia (NorthernLuapula, and Copperbelt Provinces), Katanga Province (Democratic Republic of the Congo) 5.3 million[citation needed]   Christianity → Protestantism
Bembe Niger–Congo → Bantu → Bembe Democratic Republic of the CongoTanzania 0.3 million[48]   Christianity
Bengalis Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Bengali Bengal (BangladeshIndia) 230 million[49] BangalBhadralokGhotiAguriBagdiBaidyaBaishya KapaliBaishya SahaBarujibiBaurisBengali BrahminsChunaruDomsGandhabanikSuvarna BanikHarisJalia KaibartaKansabanikKarmakarMahishyaMalBengali KayasthaNamasudraSadgopShunriYogi NathBangladeshis, along with significant populations in Saudi Arabia, United Arab EmiratesMalaysiathe United Kingdom, and the United States Islam → Sunni Islam
Berbers Afroasiatic → Berber[note 2] Maghreb (AlgeriaMoroccoTunisiaLibya) 20[50]–50 million[51] BrabersChaouisKabyleSahrawiChenouasGhomarasHouaraJerbisMatmatasMozabiteNafusisRifianSanhaja de SrairShilhaSiwiTuaregsAwjilaArab-Berbers (including AlgeriansLibyansMoroccans, and Tunisians), along with significant populations in FranceBelgium, and the Netherlands Islam → Sunni Islam
Berom Niger–Congo → Plateau → Berom Plateau State (Nigeria) 1 million[52]   Christianity
Berta Nilo-Saharan → Berta Benishangul-Gumuz Region (Ethiopia), South Sudan 0.4 million[53]   Islam
Betawis Austronesian → Malayic → Malay → Betawian Jakarta (Indonesia) 6.8 million[2]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Beti Niger–Congo → Bantu → Beti[note 16] Cameroon 1 million[54] EwondoEton Christianity
Bhils Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Bhil[note 2] India (Madhya PradeshGujaratRajasthanMaharastra) 17.1 million[55] BardaBhagaliaBhilalaBhil GametiaBhil GarasiaBhil KatariaBhil MamaBhil MavchiDholi BhilDungri BhilDamorDungri GarasiaMewasi BhilNirdhi BhilRawal BhilTadvi BhilVasavaBhil MeenaChaudhri Hinduism
Bhojpuris Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Bihari → Bhojpuri Bhojpur (IndiaNepal) 50.6 million[29] Paswan Hinduism
Bhumij Austroasiatic → Munda → Bhumij[note 17] India (West BengalOdishaJharkhand) 0.9 million[55]   Sarnaism
Bicolanos Austronesian → Philippine → Bikol[note 2] Bicolandia (Philippines) 4.1 million[56] Central BikolSorsoganonsCatandunganonsRinconadaAlbayanon Christianity → Catholicism
Bidayuh Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Land Dayak[note 2] Sarawak (Malaysia) 0.2 million[57] KendayanSelakoBakati’Sara Bakati'LaraʼBukar SadongBiatahTringgusJagoiJangkangKembayanSemandangRibunNyadu’Sanggau Christianity
Bilala Nilo-Saharan → Central Sudanic → Naba Lake Fitri (Chad) 0.1 million[58]   Islam
Bishnupriya Manipuris Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Bishnupriya Manipuri Manipur (India), Bangladesh 0.1 million[59]   Hinduism
Bissa Niger–Congo → Mande → Bissa Burkina Faso 0.6 million[60]   Islam
Blaan Austronesian → Philippine → Blaan Soccsksargen (Philippines) 0.2 million[61]   Anitism
Boa Niger–Congo → Bantu → Boa Bas-Uele (Democratic Republic of the Congo) 0.2 million[62]   Christianity
Bodo Sino-Tibetan → Sal → Bodo Bodoland (India) 1.5 million[29] Mech Bathouism
Bosniaks Indo-European → Slavic → Serbo-Croatian → Bosnian Bosnia and HerzegovinaSandžak (SerbiaMontenegro) 2.5 million[63] Significant populations in SerbiaTurkeyAustriaGermany and the United States Islam → Sunni Islam
Bouyei Kra–Dai → Tai → Bouyei Guizhou (China) 3 million[64] Giáy Moism
Bozo Niger–Congo → Mande → Bozo Mali 0.2 million[65]   Islam
Brahuis Dravidian → Brahui Balochistan (Pakistan) 1.6 million[66] RaisaniJhalawanSarawanMengal (including Zagar and Zakria Zae), Sasoli Islam → Sunni Islam
Bretons Indo-European → Celtic → Breton[note 18] Brittany (France) 4.6 million[67]   Christianity → Catholicism
Bru Austroasiatic → Katuic → Bru Savannakhet Province (Laos), Vietnam (Quảng Bình and Quảng Trị Provinces) 0.3 million[68]   Animism
Budu Niger–Congo → Bantu → Budu Wamba Territory (Democratic Republic of the Congo) 0.4 million[citation needed]   Christianity
Buduma Afroasiatic → Chadic → Yedina Lake Chad (ChadNigeriaCameroon) 0.1 million[citation needed]   Islam
Buginese Austronesian → South Sulawesi → Buginese South Sulawesi (Indonesia) 6.4 million[2]   Islam
Bulgarians Indo-European → Slavic → Bulgarian Bulgaria 9–10 million[69] Pomaks, along with significant populations in TurkeyUkraine and MoldovaRomania and SerbiaGermanySpain and the United States Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Burusho Burushaski Gilgit-Baltistan (Pakistan) 0.1 million[70]   Islam → Shia Islam
Butonese Austronesian → Celebic → Butonese[note 2] Buton (Indonesia) 0.3 million[citation needed]   Islam
Bwa Niger–Congo → Gur → Bwa[note 2] Burkina FasoMali 0.3 million[71]   Traditional African religions
Catalans Indo-European → Romance → Catalan Catalan Countries (SpainFrance) 8.4 million[citation needed] ValenciansBalearicsAndorrans Christianity → Catholicism
Chamorro Austronesian → Chamorro Mariana Islands (United States) 0.2 million[72]   Christianity → Catholicism
Chams Austronesian → Chamic → Cham Champa (CambodiaVietnam) 0.6–0.7 million[73]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Chechens Northeast Caucasian → Nakh → Chechen Chechnya (Russia) 2 million[74] Kists Islam → Sunni Islam
Cherokee Iroquoian → Cherokee[note 19] United States (North CarolinaTennessee)[note 20] 0.8 million[19] Cherokee NationEastern BandUnited Keetoowah Band Christianity
Chin Sino-Tibetan → Kuki-Chin–Naga[note 21] Chin State (Myanmar) 10 million[75] ThadouPaiteSimteZouLamkangKomLushaiHmarKoirengMizoAimolMruMrucha (including Anu-Hkongso), BawmBiateAsho Christianity
Choctaw Muskogean → Choctaw[note 19] United States (AlabamaFloridaMississippiLouisiana)[note 20] 0.2 million[19]   Native American religion
Chokwe Niger–Congo → Bantu → Chokwe AngolaDemocratic Republic of the CongoZambia 1.3 million[76]   Christianity
Chutiya Sino-Tibetan → Sal → Deori[note 4] Assam (India) 2.5 million[77] Deori Hinduism
Chuukese Austronesian → Micronesian → Chuukese Chuuk Lagoon (Federated States of Micronesia) 0.1 million[78]   Christianity → Catholicism
Chuvash Turkic → Oghur → Chuvash Chuvashia (Russia) 1.4 million[28] VirjalAnatri Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Circassians Northwest Caucasian → Circassian[note 2] Circassia (Russia)[note 1] 0.7 million[79] AdygeansKabardiansCherkessShapsugs Islam → Sunni Islam
Chakmas Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Chakma Chittagong Hill Tracts (Bangladesh) 0.3 million[80]   Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Chewa Niger–Congo → Bantu → Chewa MalawiZambiaZimbabweMozambique 9.7 million[81]   Christianity
Copts Afroasiatic → Coptic[note 22] Egypt 15-20 million[82] Sudan and Libya along with significant populations in United StatesCanada and Australia Christianity → Coptic Orthodoxy
Cornish Indo-European → Celtic → Cornish[note 23] Cornwall (United Kingdom) 11 million[83] Significant populations in the United States and Australia Christianity
Corsicans Indo-European → Romance → Corsican[note 18] Corsica (France) 0.3 million[84]   Christianity → Catholicism
Cree Algic → Algonquian → Cree[note 24] Canada (AlbertaSaskatchewanManitobaOntarioQuebecNewfoundland and Labrador) 0.4 million[85] InnuNaskapiAtikamekwJames Bay CreeMoose CreeSwampy CreeWoods CreePlains CreeMétis (including Métis in Canada), Oji-Cree Christianity
Croats Indo-European → Slavic → Serbo-Croatian → Croatian CroatiaFederation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegovina) 5.5 million[86] BunjevciKrashovaniJanjevciSokciBosnian Croats, along with significant populations in Italy (including Molise Croats), AustriaUnited StatesChileArgentinaGermanyAustralia and Canada Christianity → Catholicism
Cuyunon Austronesian → Philippine → Visayan → Cuyonon Cuyo Archipelago (Philippines) 0.2 million[87]   Christianity → Catholicism
Czechs Indo-European → Slavic → Czech Czech Republic 6.7 million[88] BohemiansMoraviansSilesians, along with significant populations in United States and Canada Christianity → Catholicism[note 25]
Dagaaba Niger–Congo → Gur → Dagaare GhanaBurkina Faso 1.1 million[89]   Christianity
Dagombas Niger–Congo → Gur → Dagbani Kingdom of Dagbon (Ghana) 1.2 million[90]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Damara Khoe → Khoekhoe Damaraland (Namibia) 0.2 million[91]   Christianity
Danes Indo-European → Germanic → Nordic → Danish Denmark 5.6 million[92] Significant populations in the United StatesCanadaGreenland, and Germany. Christianity → Protestantism
Dargins Northeast Caucasian → Dargwa Dagestan (Russia) 0.6 million[28] KajtakKubachiItsariChirag Islam
Dinka Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Dinka South Sudan 4.5 million[93]   Christianity
Dogon Niger–Congo → Dogon[note 2] Bandiagara Escarpment (Mali) 0.8 million[94] Ampari Dogon Traditional African religions
Dogra Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Dogri Jammu Division (India) 2.5 million[29]   Hinduism
Dongxiangs Mongolic → Santa Hezhou (China) 0.6 million[95]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Dubla Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Bhil → Dubli[note 26] Gujarat (India) 0.7 million[55]   Hinduism
Dutch Indo-European → Germanic → Dutch Netherlands 29 million[96] GroningsArubansBonairiansCuraçaoansSabansSt. MaartenersSt. EustatiansSurinameseMennonites (including Russian Mennonites), IndosDutch Burghers, along with significant populations in the United StatesCanadaAustralia, and New Zealand Christianity[note 25]
Dyula Niger–Congo → Mande → Manding → Dyula Burkina FasoIvory CoastMali 2.2 million[97]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Ebira Niger–Congo → Nupoid → Ebira Kogi State (Nigeria) 1.8 million[98]   Islam
Edo Niger–Congo → Edoid → Edo Edo State (Nigeria) 1.6 million[99] IkaEmai Christianity
Efik Niger–Congo → Cross River → Ibibio-Efik → Efik Cross River State (Nigeria) 0.7 million[citation needed]   Christianity
Ekoi Niger–Congo → Ekoi NigeriaCameroon 0.2 million[citation needed]   Christianity
Emberá Choco → Embera Chocó Department (Colombia), Panama (DariénEmberá) 0.1 million[100]   Shamanism
English Indo-European → Germanic → English England (United Kingdom)[note 27] 58.5 million[101] numerous colonial descendants such as AmericansCanadiansAustraliansNew ZealandersWhite BahamiansWhite BarbadiansCayman IslandersWhite DominiquaisWhite JamaicansWhite BotswanansWhite KenyansWhite Saint HeleniansWhite ZambiansWhite ZimbabweansAnglo-BurmeseAnglo-IndiansBritish Hongkongers, and White Pakistanis Christianity → Protestantism
Esan Niger–Congo → Edoid → Esan Esanland (Nigeria) 0.7 million[102]   Christianity
Estonians Uralic → Finnic → Estonian Estonia 1.2 million[103] VõrosSetos Christianity → Protestantism[note 25]
Ewe Niger–Congo → Kwa → Gbe → Ewe TogoGhana 6.7 million[104] Anlo EweWaci Christianity
Fang Niger–Congo → Bantu → Beti → Fang Río Muni (Equatorial Guinea), Gabon 1 million[54]   Christianity
Fijians Austronesian → Fijian Fiji 0.5 million[105]   Christianity → Protestantism
Finns Uralic → Finnic → Finnish Finland 5.5 million[106] KvensForest FinnsTornedaliansIngrian Finns, along with significant populations in SwedenUnited States, and Canada. Christianity → Protestantism
Flemings Indo-European → Germanic → Dutch Flanders (Belgium) 6.2 million[107]   Christianity → Catholicism
Fon Niger–Congo → Kwa → Gbe → Fon Dahomey (Benin) 1.7 million[108] Egun Christianity → Catholicism
French Indo-European → Romance → French FranceRomandy (Switzerland), Aosta Valley (Italy) 76.8 million[109] ArpitansBurgundiansChampenoisFree CountiansGalloLorrainersNormans (including Channel Islanders), PicardsPoitevins (including Saintongeais), BarthélemoiseSaint-MartinoisFrench GuianeseCaldocheRéunionese (including Zoreilles), Saint-Pierrais, along with numerous colonial descendants such as Pieds-NoirsFrench Canadians (including QuebecersAcadians, and Métis), Louisianians (including Creoles of color and Cajuns), French HaitiansFrench MalagasyFranco-Mauritians, and Franco-Seychellois Christianity → Catholicism
Frisians Indo-European → Germanic → Frisian[note 2] Frisia (NetherlandsGermany) 0.9 million[110] West FrisiansEast FrisiansNorth Frisians Christianity → Protestantism
Friulians Indo-European → Romance → Friulian Friuli (Italy) 0.6 million[111]   Christianity → Catholicism
Fula Niger–Congo → Atlantic → Senegambian → Fula West Africa (GuineaSenegalMaliMauritaniaNigeriaCameroonNigerBurkina FasoBeninChad)[note 28] 20[112]–25 million[69] WodaabeHaratinFula JalonFulakundaMaasina Fulfulde Islam
Fur Nilo-Saharan → Fur Darfur (Sudan) 0.7 million[113]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Ga-Adangbe Niger–Congo → Kwa → Ga–Dangme[note 2] Greater Accra (Ghana) 2.1 million[114] GaAdangbe Christianity
Gagauz Turkic → Oghuz → Gagauz Gagauzia (Moldova), Budjak (Ukraine) 0.2 million[citation needed]   Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Galicians Indo-European → Romance → Galician Galicia (Spain) 3.2 million[citation needed]   Christianity → Catholicism
Ganda Niger–Congo → Bantu → Great Lakes → Luganda Buganda (Uganda) 6.7 million[115] Abayudaya Christianity
Garifuna Arawakan → Ta-Arawakan → Garifuna[note 29] Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[note 30] 0.1 million[citation needed] Black Caribs Christianity → Catholicism
Garos Sino-Tibetan → Sal → Garo Garo Hills (India) 1.1 million[29]   Christianity
Gayonese Austronesian → Northwest Sumatra–Barrier Islands → Gayo Indonesia (Bener MeriahCentral Aceh, and Gayo Lues Regencies) 0.3 million[116]   Islam
Gbagyi Niger–Congo → Nupoid → Gwari Nigeria 1.2 million[117]   Traditional African religions
Gbaya Niger–Congo → Ubangian → Gbaya[note 2] Central African RepublicCameroon 1.2 million[118] BokotoKàràBuli (including Toongo), AliMandjaGbaya-BossangoaBozomMbodomoGbanuBangandu Islam
Gedeo Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Gedeo Gedeo Zone (Ethiopia) 1 million[15]   Christianity → Protestantism
Gelao Kra–Dai → Kra → Gelao[note 31] Guizhou (China) 0.6 million[119]   Taoism
Georgians Kartvelian → Georgian Georgia 4.1 million[120] AdjariansMingreliansSvansTushetians (including Bats), Meskhetians Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Germans Indo-European → Germanic → German GermanySwitzerlandLiechtenstein 100–150 million[121] BavariansFranconiansHessiansHunsriksUpper SaxonsLower SaxonsSwabians (including Danube Swabians), Rhinelanders (including Colognians), AlsatiansGerman SwissLiechtensteinersPomeraniansVolga GermansBaltic GermansSilesian GermansCarpathian GermansNorth Schleswig GermansEastern BelgiansTransylvanian SaxonsAmish (including Pennsylvania Dutch), HutteritesMennonites (including Russian Mennonites), along with significant populations in the United States (including German Texans), BrazilMexicoArgentinaCanadaChileKazakhstanAustralia, and New Zealand. Christianity
Gola Niger–Congo → Gola LiberiaSierra Leone 0.2 million[122]   Islam
Gonds Dravidian → Gondi[note 32] Gondwana (India) 13.3 million[55] GodhaMadia GondsMuriaKoya Hinduism
Gorontaloans Austronesian → Philippine → Gorontaloan Gorontalo (Indonesia) 1.8 million[2]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Greeks Indo-European → Greek GreeceCyprus 17 million[123] Greek CypriotsPontic GreeksCappadocian GreeksSarakatsaniUrumsGrikoMacedonian Greeks, along with significant populations in Albania (including Northern Epirotes), UkraineGeorgiathe United States, the United KingdomGermanyAustralia, and Canada Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Guan Niger–Congo → Kwa → Guang[note 2] Ghana (Brong-Ahafo and Volta Regions) 1 million[114] GonjaKyodeChereponEfutuAnyangaLartehChumburungKracheAnum-Boso Christianity
Guaraní Tupian → Guarani ParaguayMisiones (Argentina), Bolivia 5 million[124] Chiriguanos, along with Mestizos such as Paraguayans Christianity → Catholicism
Gujarati Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Gujarati Gujarat (India) 60 million[29] KoliBharwadKhojaPatidarSunni BohraLohanaVagriKharvaCharanBariaMomnaGhanchiShenvaBhambi KhalpaZarabesBhoiLuso-IndiansGujarati Americans Hinduism
Gumuz Nilo-Saharan → Gumuz Benishangul-Gumuz Region (Ethiopia) 0.2 million[15]   Traditional African religion
Gurage Afroasiatic → Semitic → Ethiopic → Gurage[note 2] Guragia (Ethiopia) 1.9 million[15] KistaneZayInorMesqanSebat Bet (including Chaha and Muher) Christianity
Gurma Niger–Congo → Gur → Gourmanché Gurmaland (Burkina FasoGhana) 1.1 million[125] NtchamBimoba Islam
Gurunsi Niger–Congo → Gur → Gurunsi[note 2] Burkina FasoGhanaTogo 1.6 million[126] LukpaKabyeTemLambaDeloBago-KusuntuChalaLyéléNunaKalamséPanaKassenaWinyeDegPuguliPaasaalSisaalaChakaliSitiTamprusiVagla Traditional African religions
Hadiya Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Hadiyya Hadiya (Ethiopia) 1.3 million[15]   Islam
Han Chinese Sino-Tibetan → Chinese China 1,315 million[127] SubeiCantonese (including TaishaneseHongkongersTankasChuanqing and Macanese), HuiFujianese (including FuzhouneseHainaneseHokloHui'an maidensPutianese, and Teochew), Gaoshan HanGanHakka (including Ngái), HebeiHunaneseJianghuaiShandongSichuaneseWu (including ShanghaineseNingbonese, and Wenzhou), Han Taiwanese, along with significant populations in the United StatesMalaysia (including Peranakan), SingaporeThailandIndonesiaMyanmarCanada, the Philippines (including Sangleys), PeruAustraliaVietnamJapanRussiaFrance (including Chinois), the United KingdomSouth AfricaItalyGermanyKoreaSpainIndiaLaosBrazil, the NetherlandsPanama, and New Zealand Chinese folk religion
Hani Sino-Tibetan → Loloish → Hani Yunnan (China) 1.4 million[128]   Animism
Harari Afroasiatic → Semitic → Ethiopic → Harari Hararia (Ethiopia) 0.2 million[129]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Hausa Afroasiatic → Chadic → Hausa Hausaland (NigerNigeria) 43.7 million[130]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Hawaiians Austronesian → Polynesian → Hawaiian[note 33] Hawaii (United States) 0.5 million[72]   Christianity
Hazaras Indo-European → Iranian → Persian → Hazaragi Hazarajat (Afghanistan) 5–8 million[127] Aimaq HazaraHazara Australians Islam → Shia Islam
Herero Niger–Congo → Bantu → Herero Hereroland (Namibia), Angola 0.3 million[citation needed] OvaHimbaOvambanderu Christianity
Hmong Hmong–Mien → Hmongic[note 2] Guizhou (China)[note 34] 14–15 million[131] A-HmaoGha-MuXongPa-HngHmong Americans Hmong folk religion
Huli Trans–New Guinea → Engan → Huli Southern Highlands Province (Papua New Guinea) 0.3 million[132]   Christianity
Hungarians Uralic → Ugric → Hungarian HungarySzékely Land (Romania), Felvidék (Slovakia) 12.6 million[133] JaszPalóc, along with significant populations in Romania (including Székelys and Csangos), SlovakiaSerbiaUkraineCroatiaSloveniaGermany, the United States, and Canada Christianity → Catholicism
Hutu Niger–Congo → Bantu → Great Lakes → Rwanda-Rundi[note 35] RwandaBurundiKivu (Democratic Republic of the Congo) 9.5 million[134]   Christianity
Iban Austronesian → Malayic → Iban Sarawak (Malaysia) 0.8 million[135] Mualang Christianity
Ibanag Austronesian → Philippine → Cordilleran → Ibanag Philippines (IsabelaCagayan) 0.3 million[136]   Christianity → Catholicism
Ibibio Niger–Congo → Cross River → Ibibio-Efik → Ibibio Akwa Ibom State (Nigeria) 4.5 million[137] EketAro Christianity
Icelanders Indo-European → Germanic → Nordic → Icelandic Iceland 0.4 million[citation needed]   Christianity → Protestantism
Idoma Niger–Congo → Idomoid → Idoma Benue State (Nigeria) 0.6 million[138] AgatuAlagoYala Christianity
Igbo Niger–Congo → Igbo Igboland (Nigeria) 20 million[139] AniomaAroEddaEkpeyeEtcheEzaaIkaIkwerreIkwoIsuIzziMbaiseMgboNgwaNri-IgboOgbaOhafiaOhuhuOnitsha-AdoUkwuaniWaawa, along with numerous slave descendants such as Antiguans and BarbudansAfrican AmericansAfro-BahamiansAfro-BarbadiansAfro-BraziliansAfro-DominicansAfro-HaitiansAfro-Saint LuciansAfro-TrinbagoniansAmerico-LiberiansBelizean Creoles Christianity
Igede Niger–Congo → Idomoid → Igede Benue State (Nigeria) 0.4 million[citation needed]   Christianity
Igorot Austronesian → Philippine → Cordilleran[note 2] Cordillera Administrative Region (Philippines) 1.5 million[140] BalangaoBontocIbaloiIfugao (including Kalanguya), IsnagKalingaKankanaey Anitism
Ijaw Niger–Congo → Ijaw[note 2] Nigeria (RiversBayelsa, and Delta States) 14 million[94] BilleEngenniIbaniKalabariKulaNkoroNkorooObolo Christianity
Ilocano Austronesian → Philippine → Cordilleran → Ilocano Ilocos Region (Philippines) 10 million[141]   Christianity → Catholicism
Ingush Northeast Caucasian → Nakh → Ingush Ingushetia (Russia) 0.4 million[28]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Inuit Eskimo–Aleut → Inuit[note 2] Greenland (Denmark), Canada (NunavutNunatsiavutNunavikNunatuKavut), Alaska (United States) 0.2 million[142] Greenlandics (including KalaallitTunumiitInughuit and Greenlandic Danes), IñupiatInuktitutInuvialuit Christianity
Iranun Austronesian → Philippine → Iranun Mindanao (Philippines) 0.3 million[citation needed]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Irish Indo-European → Celtic → Irish[note 23] Ireland (Republic of IrelandUnited Kingdom)[note 36] 80 million[143] Irish TravellersUlster Irish, along with significant populations in the United StatesAustraliaCanadaArgentinaMexico and New Zealand Christianity → Catholicism
Iroquois Iroquoian[note 37] United StatesCanada 0.1 million[144] MohawkOneidaOnondagaCayugaSenecaTuscarora Longhouse Religion
Isan Kra–Dai → Tai → Lao → Isan Isan (Thailand) 22 million[145]   Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Isoko Niger–Congo → Edoid → Isoko Isoko region (Nigeria) 0.6 million[citation needed]   Christianity
Italians Indo-European → Romance → Italian ItalyTicino (Switzerland) 69[146]–140 million[147] SiciliansWaldensiansLaziansMarchigianosTuscansUmbriansEmilianRomagnol (including Sanmarinese), TrentinisLigurians (including Monégasque), LombardsPiedmonteseApuliansCalabriansNeapolitans (including AbruzzansMolisansBasilicatans, and Campanians), Venetians along with significant populations in ArgentinaBrazil, the United StatesVenezuelaCanadaFrancePeruUruguayAustraliaGermanyChile and the United Kingdom Christianity → Catholicism
Itawes Austronesian → Philippine → Cordilleran → Itawis Cagayan Valley (Philippines) 0.2 million[citation needed]   Christianity → Catholicism
Japanese Japonic → Japanese Japan 128.2 million[148] KantōKansaiHokkaidoTōhokuHōnichiSatsugūChūgokuEchigoTōkaiShinshuuHokurikuHachijō, along with significant populations in Brazil, the United States and the Philippines. Shinto[note 38]
Jarai Austronesian → Chamic → Jarai Central Highlands (Vietnam) 0.4 million[32]   Animism
Javanese Austronesian → Javanese Java (Indonesia) 95.2 million[2] CireboneseOsingTenggereseBoyaneseSaminBanyumasan, along with significant populations in MalaysiaSurinameChina, and Saudi Arabia Islam → Sunni Islam
Jews Afroasiatic → Semitic → Hebrew[note 39] Israel[note 40] 17.6 million[149] AshkenazimSephardim (including Moroccan JewsTunisian Jews, and Toshavim), Mizrahim (including Syrian and Bukharan Jews), TeimanimBeta IsraelItalkimRomaniotesJuhurimKrymchaksBene IsraelCochinLishanid NoshanIsraelis, along with significant populations in the United StatesFranceCanada, the United KingdomArgentinaRussiaGermany, and Australia Judaism
Jingpo Sino-Tibetan → Sal → Jingpho Kachin State (Myanmar), Yunnan (China) 1 million[150]   Animism
Jola Niger–Congo → Atlantic → Senegambian → Jola[note 2] Jolaland (Senegal) 0.5 million[151] BanjaalBayotFogniGusilayKaronKasaKuwaataayMlomp Traditional African religions
Jukun Niger–Congo → Jukun Takum[note 41] Wukari (Nigeria) 0.1 million[152] Wannu Traditional African religions
Kadazan-Dusun Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Dusunic[note 2] Sabah (Malaysia) 0.6 million[153] KadazanDusunDumpasIda'anKwijauLotudMangka'akMaragangMinokokOrang SungaiRumanauRungusTambanuo Christianity
Kalanga Niger–Congo → Bantu → Shona → Kalanga ZimbabweBotswana 0.7 million[154] Nambya Christianity
Kalenjin Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Kalenjin[note 2] Rift Valley Province (Kenya) 5 million[155] KeiyoTugenMarakwetNandiKipsigisSabaotPökootOkiekTerik Christianity
Kalinago Macro-Arawakan languages → Arawakan → Kalinago Lesser Antilles 0.004 million Black Caribs Christianity → Catholicism
Kamba Niger–Congo → Bantu → Kamba Ukambani (Kenya) 3.9 million[155] Afro-Paraguayans Christianity
Kanaks Austronesian → Kanak[note 2] Kanakia (France) 0.1 million[156] HavekeAjiëArhâXârâgurèHaeke Christianity → Catholicism
Kannadigas Dravidian → Kannada Karnataka (India) 43.7 million[29] Vokkaliga Hinduism
Kanuri Nilo-Saharan → Saharan → Kanuri Kanuriland (NigeriaNigerChadCameroon) 8.6 million[157] KanembuYerwa Kanuri Islam
Kapampangans Austronesian → Philippine → Kapampangan Pampanga (Philippines) 2 million[158]   Christianity → Catholicism
Kapsiki Afroasiatic → Chadic → Kapsiki Mandara Mountains (NigeriaCameroon) 0.1 million[citation needed]   Islam
Karachays Turkic → Kipchak → Karachay Karachay-Cherkessia (Russia) 0.2 million[28]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Karakalpaks Turkic → Kipchak → Karakalpak Karakalpakstan (Uzbekistan) 0.7 million[159]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Karbi Sino-Tibetan → Kuki-Chin–Naga → Karbi Karbi Anglong district (India) 0.5 million[29] Amri Hinduism
Karen Sino-Tibetan → Karenic[note 2] Karen State (Myanmar), Thailand 9 million[160] S'gaw KarenPwo KarenKarenni (including Kayan) Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Kashmiris Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Dardic → Kashmiri Kashmir (IndiaPakistan) 6.8 million[29] Kashmiri PanditsKashmiris of Punjab Islam → Sunni Islam
Kashubians Indo-European → Slavic → Kashubian Kashubia (Poland) 0.5[161]–0.6 million[162]   Christianity → Catholicism
Kazakhs Turkic → Kipchak → Kazakh Kazakhstan 18 million[163] Significant populations in China, and Russia Islam → Sunni Islam
Khas Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Nepali NepalUttarakhand (India) 20 million[164] ChhetriBahunKamiDamaiSarkiGandarbhaThakuriBadi Hinduism
Khmer Austroasiatic → Khmer Cambodia 17 million[145] Significant populations in the United States and Vietnam Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Khonds Dravidian → Kui Kandhamal (India) 1.6 million[55]   Hinduism
Khorasani Turks Turkic → Oghuz → Khorasani Turkic Khorasan (Iran) 1 million[165]   Islam → Shia Islam
Kikuyu Niger–Congo → Bantu → Kikuyu Kenya 6.6 million[155]   Christianity
Kilba Afroasiatic → Chadic → Huba Hong (Nigeria) 0.3 million[166]   Christianity
Kirati Sino-Tibetan → Kiranti[note 2] Eastern Development Region (Nepal) 0.9 million"Nepalese"The World FactbookCentral Intelligence Agency. Nepalese population only. Figure taken using the religious percentage of Kirat Mundhum followers (listed as "Kiranti") with the total populations.</ref> LimbuSunuwarYakkha (including Athpare), Rai (including KulungBantawa, and Bahing) Kirat Mundhum
Kissi Niger–Congo → Atlantic → Mel → Kissi GuineaSierra Leone 0.1 million[167]   Christianity
Kofyar Afroasiatic → Chadic → Kofyar Plateau State (Nigeria) 0.2 million[citation needed]   Traditional African religions
Komi Uralic → Permic → Komi Russia (Komi RepublicPermyakia) 0.6 million[104] Komi-ZyriansKomi-PermyaksIzhma Komi Christianity → Eastern Orthodox
Konkani Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Konkani Goa (India) 2.3 million[29] Luso-Indians Hinduism
Kongo Niger–Congo → Bantu → Kongo Kongoland (Democratic Republic of the CongoRepublic of the CongoAngola) 10.2 million[168] LariViliMayombeSuundi, along with numerous slave descendants such as, African AmericansAfro-BahamiansAfro-BarbadiansAfro-BraziliansAfro-DominicansAfro-HaitiansAfro-Saint LuciansAfro-TrinbagoniansAmerico-LiberiansBelizean Creoles Christianity
Konjo Niger–Congo → Bantu → Konjo Rwenzori Mountains (Democratic Republic of the CongoUganda) 1.5 million[citation needed] Nande Christianity
Konso Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Konso Konso (Ethiopia) 0.4 million[15]   Traditional African religions
Koreans Korean Korea (North KoreaSouth Korea) 77.2 million[169] Jeju Islanders, along with significant populations in the United StatesChinaRussiaJapanCanadaAustraliaVietnam, and the Philippines Shamanism[note 25]
Kpelle Niger–Congo → Mande → Kpelle LiberiaGuinea 1.2 million[170]   Traditional African religions
Kposo Niger–Congo → Kwa → Ghana–Togo Mountain → Kposo Plateaux (Togo), Ghana 0.2 million[171]   Christianity → Catholicism
Kru Niger–Congo → Kru[note 2] Liberia (Grand Kru and Maryland Counties) 3.3 million[172] AiziBétéBakwéGreboKrahn (including Sapo), Kuwaa Christianity
Kumyks Turkic → Kipchak → Kumyk Dagestan (Russia) 0.5 million[28]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Kunama Nilo-Saharan → Kunama EritreaEthiopia 0.3 million[citation needed]   Christianity → Oriental Orthodoxy
Kurds Indo-European → Iranian → Kurdish[note 2] Kurdistan (TurkeyIranIraqSyria) 45.6 million[173] BajalanKurmanjisSoransZazasFeylisIranian LaksYazidisShabak, along with significant populations in France and Germany Islam → Sunni Islam
Kurukh Dravidian → Kurukh Chota Nagpur Plateau (India) 3.7 million[55] Kisan Hinduism
Kuteb Niger–Congo → Jukunoid → Kuteb Taraba State (Nigeria) 0.6 million[174]   Christianity
Kyrgyz Turkic → Kipchak → Kyrgyz Kyrgyzstan 4.1 million[175]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Laks Northeast Caucasian → Lak Lakia (Russia) 0.2 million[28]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Lamaholot Austronesian → Flores–Lembata → Lamaholot Solor (Indonesia) 0.2 million[citation needed]   Christianity → Catholicism
Lampungs Austronesian → Lampung Lampung (Indonesia) 1.4 million[2]   Islam
Lao Kra–Dai → Tai → Lao Laos 4 million[145]   Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Latvians Indo-European → Baltic → Latvian Latvia 1.8 million[176] LatgaliansKurseniekiSelonians Christianity → Protestantism
Laz Kartvelian → Laz[note 42] Lazistan (TurkeyGeorgia) 1.6 million[177] Turkish LazGeorgian Laz Islam → Sunni Islam
Lega Niger–Congo → Bantu → Lega Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.3 million[178]   Traditional African religions
Lezgins Northeast Caucasian → Lezgic → Lezgian Lezgistan (RussiaAzerbaijan) 0.8 million[179]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Li Kra–Dai → Hlai[note 2] Hainan (China) 1.2 million[180]   Animism
Limba Niger–Congo → Limba Sierra Leone (Bombali and Koinadugu Districts) 0.4 million[181]   Christianity
Lisu Sino-Tibetan → Loloish → Lisu ChinaMyanmar 0.6 million[182] Lipo Christianity → Protestantism
Lithuanians Indo-European → Baltic → Lithuanian Lithuania 3.7[183]–4.1 million[184] SamogitiansAukstaitiansLietuvninkai Christianity → Catholicism
Luba Niger–Congo → Bantu → Luban[note 2] Lubaland (Democratic Republic of the Congo) 7 million[54] Luba-KasaiLuba-KatangaHemba (including Bangubangu), SongeLulua Christianity
Luhya Niger–Congo → Bantu → Luhya Western Province (Kenya) 5.3 million[155] BukusuIdakhoIsukhaKabrasKhayoKisaMarachiMaragoliMaramaNyoleSamiaTachoniTirikiTsotsoWanga, Christianity
Luo Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Luo → Dholuo Kenya 4 million[155]   Christianity
Lurs Indo-European → Iranian → Luri Iran (LorestanKohgiluyeh and Boyer-AhmadKhuzestanBushehr, and Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Provinces) 5 million[185] BakhtiariIranian Laks Islam → Shia Islam
Luxembourgers Indo-European → Germanic → German → Luxembourgish LuxembourgArelerland (Belgium) 0.4 million[186] Significant populations in Brazil and the United States Christianity → Catholicism
Maasai Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Maasai Maasailand (TanzaniaKenya) 1.5 million[187] SamburuArushaKwavi Traditional African religions
Macedonians Indo-European → Slavic → Macedonian North Macedonia 2 million[188] TorbeshMijaks, along with significant populations in Australia and Greece Christianity → Eastern Orthodox
Madi Nilo-Saharan → Central Sudanic → Ma'di Democratic Republic of the CongoSouth SudanUganda 0.4 million[citation needed]   Christianity
Madurese Austronesian → Madurese Madura (Indonesia)[note 43] 7.2 million[2] Boyanese Islam → Sunni Islam
Mafa Afroasiatic → Chadic → Mafa Cameroon 0.2 million[189]   Christianity
Magahi Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Bihari → Magahi Magadha (India) 12.7 million[29]   Hinduism
Magars Sino-Tibetan → Magar[note 44] Nepal 1.6 million[190]   Hinduism
Maguindanao Austronesian → Philippine → Maguindanao Maguindanao (Philippines) 1.4 million[191]   Islam
Maithils Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Bihari → Maithili Mithila (IndiaNepal) 40 million[192] Karan Kayastha Hinduism
Makassarese Austronesian → South Sulawesi → Makassarese South Sulawesi (Indonesia) 2.7 million[2]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Makonde Niger–Congo → Bantu → Makonde TanzaniaMueda Plateau (Mozambique) 1.4 million[193] Machinga Islam
Makua Niger–Congo → Bantu → Makhuwa Mozambique 3.5 million[194] LomweChuwabuMonigaKotiNathembo Traditional African religions
Malagasy Austronesian → Malagasy MadagascarComorosMayotteRéunionMauritius 25 million MerinaSihanakaBetsileoZafimaniryAntaifasyAntemoroAntaisakaAntambahoakaTandroyAntankaranaAntanosyBaraBetsimisarakaBezanozanoMahafalyMakoaMikeaSakalavaTanalaTsimihetyVezo Christianity
Malays Austronesian → Malayic → Malay Malay world (MalaysiaSingaporeIndonesia) 60.7 million[195] BruneiansKedahansPattaniPahangMusiPalembangesePontianaksTerengganuariansKelantanesePerakiansBerauProto-Malay (including Orang KualaJakunOrang RimbaOrang Seletar, and Temuan), LubuPalembangneseCape MalaysCocos MalaysBangka Malays Islam → Sunni Islam
Malayali Dravidian → Malayalam Kerala (India) 34.8 million[29] AmbalavasiDheevaraNairParavarSaint Thomas Christians (including Knanayas), MappilasEzhava, along with significant populations in the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar, Kuwait and Bahrain Hinduism
Maldivians Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Maldivian Maldives 0.3 million[196] Mahls Islam → Sunni Islam
Maltese Afroasiatic → Semitic → Arabic → Maltese Malta 0.5 million[197] Gozitans Christianity → Catholicism
Mambila Niger–Congo → Mambila Mambilla Plateau (NigeriaCameroon) 0.1 million[198] Somyev Traditional African religions
Manchu Tungusic → Manchu[note 45] Manchuria (China) 10.4 million[199]   Shamanism
Mandarese Austronesian → South Sulawesi → Mandar West Sulawesi (Indonesia) 0.5 million[200]   Islam
Mandinka Niger–Congo → Mande → Manding[note 2] MaliThe GambiaGuineaSenegal 13[118]–20 million[201] Bolon, along with numerous slave descendants such as MontserratiansCape Verdeans, and MartinicansAfrican AmericansAfro-BahamiansAfro-BarbadiansAfro-BraziliansAfro-DominicansAfro-HaitiansAfro-Saint LuciansAfro-TrinbagoniansAmerico-LiberiansBelizean Creoles Islam
Manggarai Austronesian → Sumba–Flores → Manggarai Manggarai (Indonesia) 0.8 million[citation needed]   Christianity
Manjak Niger–Congo → Atlantic → Senegambian → Manjak Guinea-BissauSenegal 0.4 million[202]   Traditional African religions
Māori Austronesian → Polynesian → Māori[note 46] New Zealand 0.9 million[citation needed] Cook Islanders Christianity
Mapuche Mapudungun[note 47] Araucanía (ChileArgentina) 1.4 million[203] Huilliche, along with Mestizos such as Chileans Christianity
Maranao Austronesian → Philippine → Maranao Lanao (Philippines) 0.8 million[204]   Islam
Marathi Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Marathi Maharashtra (India) 83 million[29] MaharMarathaKunbiDhangarBhoi Hinduism
Mari Uralic → Mari Mari El (Russia) 0.5 million[28] Meadow MariHill Mari Christianity → Eastern Orthodox
Masa Afroasiatic → Chadic → Masana CameroonChad 0.5 million[205]   ChristianityIslam[205]
Masalit Nilo-Saharan → Masalit SudanChad 0.4 million[206]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Maya Mayan[note 2] GuatemalaBelizeMexico (YucatánCampecheQuintana RooTabascoChiapas) 6 million[207] MayaAchiChujCh'orti'ItzaK'iche'Q'eqchi'XincaTektitekHuastecanMopanLacandonChontalAkatekJakaltekQ'anjob'alTzeltalMocho'Tojolab'alMamIxilTzotzilPoqomamYucatecan MayaMotozintlecosAwakatekKaqchikelSakapultekSipakapenseUspantekCh'olTz'utujil, along with Mestizos such as Guatemalans (including Hispanic Belizeans) and Mexicans Christianity → Catholicism
Mazahua Oto-Manguean → Oto-Pamean → Mazahua State of Mexico (Mexico) 0.1 million[208]   Christianity → Catholicism
Mazatec Oto-Manguean → Popolocan → Mazatecan[note 2] Oaxaca (Mexico) 0.2 million[208] Ayautla Christianity → Catholicism
Mbaka Niger–Congo → Ubangian → Mbaka Central African RepublicDemocratic Republic of the Congo 0.3 million[54]   Christianity → Catholicism
Mehri Afroasiatic → Semitic → Mehri Mahra (YemenOman) 0.2 million[209] Soqotri Islam
Meitei Sino-Tibetan → Kuki-Chin–Naga → Meitei Manipur (India) 1.8 million[29] Loi Hinduism → Vaishnavism
Melanau Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Melanau Sarawak (Malaysia) 0.1 million[57]   Islam
Mende Niger–Congo → Mande → Mende Sierra Leone (Southern and Eastern Provinces) 1.9 million[citation needed]   Islam
Miꞌkmaq Algic → Algonquian → Miꞌkmaq[note 24] Mi'kma'ki (Canada) 0.2 million[85]   Christianity → Catholicism
Mien Hmong–Mien → Mienic[note 2] China (HunanGuizhou), Vietnam 2.6 million[210] Iu MienKim MunDzao MinBiao MinBunuLakkiaBiao Mon Yao folk religion
Mijikenda Niger–Congo → Bantu → Mijikenda Coast Province (Kenya) 2 million[155] ChonyiGiriamaDigoSegeju Christianity
Minahasan Austronesian → Philippine → Minahasan[note 2] Minahassa Peninsula (Indonesia) 1.2 million[2] TonsawangTontemboanTondanoTombuluTonsea Christianity → Protestantism
Minangkabau Austronesian → Malayic → Malay → Minangkabau Minangkabau Highlands (Indonesia) 6.5 million[2] Aneuk Jamee Islam → Sunni Islam
Mising Sino-Tibetan → Tani → Mising India (AssamArunachal Pradesh) 0.6 million[29]   Donyi-Polo
Miskito Misumalpan → Miskito Mosquito Coast (NicaraguaHonduras) 0.2 million[211]   Christianity → Protestantism
Mixe Mixe–Zoque → Mixe[note 2] Oaxaca (Mexico) 0.1 million[208]   Christianity → Catholicism
Mixtec Oto-Manguean → Mixtecan → Mixtec La Mixteca (Mexico) 0.5 million[208] TriqueCuicatecsAmoltepec Christianity → Catholicism
Mon Austroasiatic → Mon Mon State (Myanmar) 1.1 million[212]   Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Mongo Niger–Congo → Bantu → Mongo Democratic Republic of the Congo (ÉquateurTshuapaMongalaNord-UbangiSud-Ubangi) 3.2 million[213] Bolia, NtombaNgandoIyaelimaMboleMpamaNkutuSengeleHendoDengeseTetela Christianity
Mongols Mongolic[note 2] Inner Mongolia (China), Mongolia 7 million[214] BuryatsBargaOiratsKalmyksDaurMogholsHamniganMonguorYugurKhatsoBonanSart KalmyksSoyotSichuan MongolsSogwo ArigAltai UriankhaiOrdosKanjaSogwo ArigMughals Buddhism → Tibetan Buddhism
Mongondow Austronesian → Philippine → Mongondow Mongondowia (Indonesia) 0.2 million[215]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Montenegrins Indo-European → Slavic → Serbo-Croatian → Montenegrin Montenegro 0.6 million[citation needed] Significant populations in Serbia and the United States Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Mordvins Uralic → Mordvinic[note 2] Mordovia (Russia) 0.7 million[28] ErzyasMokshasQaratays Christianity → Eastern Orthodox
Mossi Niger–Congo → Gur → Mossi Mossiland (Burkina Faso) 6 million[216]   Islam
Mumuye Niger–Congo → Adamawa → Mumuye Taraba State (Nigeria) 0.4 million[217]   Traditional African religions
Munanese Austronesian → Celebic → Munanese[note 2] Muna (Indonesia) 0.3 million[citation needed]   Islam
Mundas Austroasiatic → Munda → Mundari India (JharkhandOdishaWest Bengal) 2.2 million[55] SabarMahali Sarnaism
Murut Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Murutic[note 2] Murutia (Malaysia) 0.1 million[218] OkolodKeningauTagalPaluanSelungaiTimugonSerudungSembakungTidongKalabakanBulunganBookan Christianity → Catholicism
Muscogee Muskogean → Muscogee[note 19] United States (AlabamaTennesseeGeorgia)[note 20] 0.1 million[19] CoushattaAlibamuHitchitiNatchezSeminoles (including Black Seminoles), YuchiShawneeCreoles of colorMiccosukee Native American religion → Creek mythology
Musgum Afroasiatic → Chadic → Musgu Far North Region (Cameroon), Chad (Chari-BaguirmiMayo-Kebbi Est) 0.2 million[219]   Islam
Mwera Niger–Congo → Bantu → Mwera Tanzania (Mtwara and Ruvuma Regions) 0.4 million[220]   Islam
Naga Sino-Tibetan → Kuki-Chin–Naga[note 21] India (NagalandManipurArunachal PradeshAssam), Myanmar 1.7 million[55] AngamiAoSangtamYimchungerLothaChakhesang (including Chokri and Khezha), MaoPochuryRengmaTangkhulMaringZemiLiangmeiKabuiMaramKonyakChangWanchoPhomKhiemnunganTangsaNocte Christianity
Nagpuri Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Bihari → Sadri Chota Nagpur Plateau (India) 4.3 million[29] Chik Baraik Hinduism
Nahuas Uto-Aztecan → Nahuatl Mexico 1.5 million[208] Huasteca NahuasMexicanerosSierra Puebla NahuasGuerrero NahuasOrizaba NahuasSoutheastern Puebla NahuasCentral NahuasPipil, along with Mestizos such as Mexicans Christianity → Catholicism
Nama Khoe → Khoekhoe Namaland (Namibia), South Africa 0.1 million[91]   Christianity
Navajo Dené–Yeniseian → Na-Dene → Apachean → Navajo Navajo Nation (United States) 0.3 million[19]   Christianity → Catholicism
Newar Sino-Tibetan → Newar Kathmandu Valley (Nepal) 1.3 million[221] Chitrakar Hinduism
Ngaju Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Barito → Ngaju Central Kalimantan (Indonesia) 1 million[222] BakumpaiMeratus Kaharingan
Ngalop Sino-Tibetan → Tibetic → Dzongkha Bhutan 0.4 million[223] KhengBumthang Buddhism → Tibetan Buddhism
Ngbandi Niger–Congo → Ubangian → Ngbandi Democratic Republic of the CongoCentral African Republic 0.1 million[224] Yakoma Christianity
Nias Austronesian → Northwest Sumatra–Barrier Islands → Nias Nias (Indonesia) 1 million[2]   Christianity
Nogais Turkic → Kipchak → Nogai Russia (Stavropol KraiDagestan) 0.1 million[28] Ak NogaiKaragash Islam → Sunni Islam
Norwegians Indo-European → Germanic → Nordic → Norwegian Norway 5.3 million[225] Significant populations in the United States, and Norwegian Canadians Christianity → Protestantism
Nubians Nilo-Saharan → Nubian[note 2] Nubia (EgyptSudan) 3-4 million[226] NobiinMattokkiDongolawiMidobHill Nubians (including DillingDebriGhulfanKadaruKarko, and Wali), BirgidJa'alin (including Bedaria), Shaigiya Islam
Nuer Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Nuer Nuerland (South Sudan) 2.9 million[citation needed]   Traditional African religions
Nùng Kra–Dai → Tai → Zhuang → Nung VietnamGuangxi (China) 1 million[32]   Animism
Nuristanis Indo-European → Nuristani[note 2] Nuristan (Afghanistan) 0.3 million[227] Safed-Posh Kaffirs (including Askunis), Kamkata-viris (including Kata and Kom) Islam → Sunni Islam
Nyishi Sino-Tibetan → Tani → Nishi Arunachal Pradesh (India) 0.3 million[29]   Christianity
Occitans Indo-European → Romance → Occitan[note 18] Occitania (FranceItalySpain) 6 million[228] AraneseAuvergnatsProvençalsLanguedociensGascons Christianity
Odia Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Odia Odisha (India) 37 million[29] Utkala BrahminsKhandayat Hinduism
Ogoni Niger–Congo → Cross River → Ogoni[note 2] Ogoniland (Nigeria) 0.7 million[229] BaanElemeGokanaTẹẹ Christianity
Ojibwe Algic → Algonquian → Ojibwe[note 48] Anishinaabeland (CanadaUnited States) 0.3 million[144] Oji-CreeOdawaPotawatomiMississaugas Midewiwin
Oromo Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Oromo Oromia (Ethiopia), Kenya 25.5 million[15] BoranBarentooSalaleMachaArsiWollo Islam → Sunni Islam
Ossetians Indo-European → Iranian → Ossetian South OssetiaNorth Ossetia-Alania (Russia) 0.7 million[230] IronDigor Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Ot Danum Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Barito → Ot Danum Indonesia (West and Central Kalimantan) 0.4 million[citation needed] LawanganMa'anyan Kaharingan
Otomi Oto-Manguean → Otomian → Otomi Mexico (HidalgoPueblaVeracruzState of MexicoQuerétaro) 0.3 million[208]   Christianity → Catholicism
Ovambo Niger–Congo → Bantu → Ovambo Ovamboland (Namibia), Angola 1.6 million[citation needed]   Christianity → Protestantism
Ovimbundu Niger–Congo → Bantu → Umbundu Angola 4 million[231]   Christianity
Pa'O Sino-Tibetan → Karenic → Pa'O Shan State (Myanmar) 0.8 million[citation needed]   Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Pamiris Indo-European → Iranian → Pamir[note 2] Pamir Mountains (TajikistanAfghanistanChina) 0.3 million[citation needed] ShughniSarikoli (including Tajiks of Xinjiang), YazghulamiMunjiYidghaSanglechiIshkashimiWakhi Islam → Shia Islam
Pangasinese Austronesian → Philippine → Pangasinan Pangasinan (Philippines) 1.5 million[232]   Christianity → Catholicism
Papel Niger–Congo → Atlantic → Senegambian → Papel Biombo Region (Guinea-Bissau) 0.2 million[233]   Christianity → Catholicism
Pare Niger–Congo → Bantu → Pare Pare Mountains (Tanzania) 0.9 million[citation needed]   Islam
Pashayi Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Dardic → Pashayi[note 2] Afghanistan (LaghmanKapisa and Nangarhar Provinces) 0.4 million[234]   Islam
Pashtuns Indo-European → Iranian → Pashto Pashtunistan (AfghanistanPakistan) 49.6 million[235] Pashtun AmericansKakar Islam → Sunni Islam
Pedi Niger–Congo → Bantu → Sotho–Tswana → Sepedi Limpopo (South Africa) 3.7 million[236]   Christianity
Pende Niger–Congo → Bantu → Pende Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.3 million[237]   Christianity
Persians Indo-European → Iranian → Persian Iran 52.5 million[238] Tat, along with significant populations in the United States, the United Arab EmiratesCanadaGermany, the United KingdomBahrainAustralia, and Sweden Islam → Shia Islam
Poles Indo-European → Slavic → Polish Poland 58–60 million[239] Significant populations in the United StatesBrazilGermanyCanadaIcelandSwedenFrance, the United KingdomArgentinaBelarusRussiaAustraliaLithuaniaUkraineIreland, and Norway Christianity → Catholicism
Portuguese Indo-European → Romance → Portuguese Portugal 222.7 million[240] AzoreansMadeirans, along with numerous colonial descendants such as Brazilians (including Ribeirinhos and Pardo Brazilians), Cape VerdeansPortuguese AngolansPortuguese MozambicansLuso-IndiansMacaneseKristangs, and Portuguese Burghers Christianity → Catholicism
Punjabis Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Punjabi Punjab (PakistanIndia) 125 million[241] SikhsJatKhatrisArainAwan, along with significant populations in the United KingdomCanada, and the United States. Islam → Sunni Islam
Purépecha Purépecha Michoacán (Mexico) 0.1 million[208]   Christianity → Catholicism
Qashqai Turkic → Oghuz → Qashqai Fars Province (Iran) 1 million[242]   Islam → Shia Islam
Qiang Sino-Tibetan → Qiangic[note 2] Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture (China) 0.3 million[243]   Qiang folk religion
Quechua Quechuan[note 2] PeruBoliviaEcuador 7.7 million[244] YaruCuscoAyacucho, along with Mestizos such as PeruviansEcuadorians, and Bolivians Christianity → Catholicism
Rade Austronesian → Chamic → Rade Central Highlands (Vietnam) 0.3 million[32]   Christianity
Rajasthanis Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Hindustani → Rajasthani Rajasthan (India) 25.8 million[29] BanjaraGurjarsRajputs (including MahyavanshiChandels, and Molesalam), MarwariCharanKachhiMeena Hindusim
Rajbongshi Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Kamtapuri India (AssamWest Bengal), Bangladesh 15 million[245]   Hindusim
Rakhine Sino-Tibetan → Burmese → Arakanese Rakhine State (Myanmar) 3 million[246] Marma Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Rejangese Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Land Dayak → Rejang Rejang Lebong Regency (Indonesia) 2 million[247]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Rohingyas Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Rohingya Rakhine State (Myanmar) 2.4 million[248]   Islam
Roma Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Romani Europe (BulgariaHungaryRomaniaNorth MacedoniaSerbiaSlovakiaCzech Republic)[note 28] 12 million[249] Roma (including Austrian Roma), Iberian KaleFinnish KaleWelsh KaleRomanichalSintiManushRomanisælAshkali and Balkan EgyptiansBoyashLomDom (including HalebiLori, and Madari), along with significant populations in the United States, and Brazil. Christianity
Romanians Indo-European → Romance → Romanian RomaniaMoldova 23.4 million[250] Moldovans, along with significant populations in ItalyGermanySpainUkraine, the United Kingdom, and France. Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Russians Indo-European → Slavic → Russian Russia 129 million[251] CossacksPomorsLipovans, along with significant populations in UkraineKazakhstanGermany, the United StatesUzbekistanIsraelBrazilBelarusCanadaLatviaKyrgyzstanMoldovaEstoniaTurkmenistanFranceLithuania and Azerbaijan. Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Ryukyuans Japonic → Ryukyuan[note 49] Ryukyu Islands (Japan) 1.5 million[252] Amami (including KikaiAmami ŌshimaTokunoshimaOkinoerabu, and Yoron), Okinawan (including KunigamiMiyakoYaeyamaYonaguni Ryukyuan religion
Rusyns Indo-European → Slavic → Rusyn Carpathian Ruthenia (UkraineSlovakiaPoland)[note 50] 1.2 million[253] Pannonian RusynsLemkosHutsulsBoykos Christianity
Saho Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Saho Eritrea 0.3 million[254]   Islam
Salar Turkic → Oghuz → Salar China (QinghaiGansu) 0.1 million[255]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Sama-Bajau Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Barito → Sama–Bajaw[note 2] Maritime Southeast Asia (PhilippinesMalaysiaIndonesiaBrunei)[note 28] 0.5–1 million[256] Sama (including Banguingui), BajawAbaknon Islam → Sunni Islam
Sambal Austronesian → Philippine → Sambalic[note 2] Zambales (Philippines) 0.1 million[257] BolinaoBotolan (including Banguingui) Islam → Sunni Islam
Sámi Uralic → Sami[note 2] Sápmi (NorwaySwedenFinlandRussia) 0.1 million[258] Inari SamiKildin SamiLule SamiNorthern SamiPite SamiSkolt SamiSouthern SamiTer SamiUme Sami Christianity → Protestantism
Samoans Austronesian → Polynesian → Samoan Samoan Islands (SamoaAmerican Samoa) 0.6 million[citation needed] American Samoans Christianity
Sangirese Austronesian → Philippine → Sangirese Sangihe Islands (Indonesia) 0.4 million[259]   Christianity → Protestantism
Santal Austroasiatic → Munda → Santali India (West BengalJharkhandOdisha)[note 3] 6.6 million[55]   Christianity → Catholicism
Sara Nilo-Saharan → Central Sudanic → Sara[note 2] ChadCentral African Republic 5.4 million[260] NgambayDobaLakaKabbaSarMbayNgamDagbaGulay Traditional African religions
Sardinians Indo-European → Romance → Sardinian Sardinia (Italy) 1.2 million[261]   Christianity → Catholicism
Sasak Austronesian → Sasak Lombok (Indonesia) 3.2 million[2]   Islam
Savu Austronesian → Sumba–Flores → Sumba → Hawu Savu (Indonesia) 0.1 million[262]   Christianity → Protestantism
Scots Indo-European → Germanic → ScotsIndo-European → Celtic → Scottish Gaelic[note 23] Scotland (United Kingdom) 40 million[143] Ulster ScotsOrcadiansShetlandersHighlandersLowlanders, along with significant populations in the United States (including Scotch-Irish Americans), CanadaAustraliaArgentina, and the Bahamas Christianity → Protestantism
Senufo Niger–Congo → Senufo[note 2] MaliIvory CoastBurkina Faso 3 million[263] NafanaMinyanka Traditional African religions
Serbs Indo-European → Slavic → Serbo-Croatian → Serbian SerbiaRepublika Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina) 11.5–12.5 million[264][265] Kosovo SerbsTriestine Serbs, along with significant populations in CroatiaGermanyAustriaFrance, and Sweden Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Serer Niger–Congo → Atlantic → Senegambian → Serer Senegal 1 million[266] LaalaaNdutNiominkaSerer-NoonPalorSaafi Islam
Shan Kra–Dai → Tai → Shan Shan State (Myanmar) 5 million[212]   Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Sharchops Sino-Tibetan → Tshangla Bhutan (LhuntseMongarPemagatshelSamdrup JongkharTrashigang, and Trashiyangtse Districts) 0.1 million[citation needed]   Buddhism → Tibetan Buddhism
Sherbro Niger–Congo → Atlantic → Mel → Sherbro Sherbro Island (Sierra Leone) 0.2 million[citation needed]   Traditional African religions
Shilluk Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Luo → Shilluk South Sudan 1.5 million[citation needed] Gule Christianity → Catholicism
Shona Niger–Congo→ Bantu → Shona Mashonaland (Zimbabwe) 7.2 million[267] ManyikaNdau Christianity
Sibe Tungusic → Xibe[note 45] China (LiaoningJilinXinjiang)[note 3] 0.2 million[268]   Shamanism[note 25]
Sidama Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Sidaama Sidamia (Ethiopia) 7.8 million[15]   Christianity
Siddi Niger–Congo → Bantu → Swahili[note 51] Pakistan (BaluchistanSindh), India (KarnatakaGujaratHyderabad) 0.4 million[citation needed]   Islam
Sika Austronesian → Flores–Lembata → Sika Sikka Regency (Indonesia) 0.2 million[269]   Christianity → Catholicism
Silesians Indo-European → Slavic → Silesian Silesia (Poland), Czech Silesia (Czech Republic) 2 million[citation needed] Cieszyn VlachsSilesian Gorals Christianity → Catholicism
Silt'e Afroasiatic → Semitic → Ethiopic → Gurage → Silt'e Siltia (Ethiopia) 1 million[15]   Islam
Sindhis Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Sindhi Sindh (Pakistan) 26 million[270] JatMemonArainIndian Sindhis Islam → Sunni Islam
Sinhalese Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Sinhala Sri Lanka 13.8 million[271] DewaBritish Sri LankansBurghers (including Portuguese Burghers and Dutch Burghers) Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Sioux Siouan → Sioux[note 52] Lakotah (United States) 0.2 million[19] LakotaDakotaNakota (including Nakoda and Assiniboine) Native American religion
Slovaks Indo-European → Slavic → Slovak Slovakia 6 million[272] significant populations in Czech RepublicSerbiaHungaryUnited States and Canada Christianity → Catholicism
Slovenes Indo-European → Slavic → Slovene Slovenia 2.5 million[citation needed] Carinthian SlovenesItaly Slovenes Christianity → Catholicism
Soga Niger–Congo → Bantu → Soga Busoga (Uganda) 2.1 million[citation needed]   ChristianityTraditional African religions
Somalis Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Somali Greater Somalia (SomaliaEthiopiaDjiboutiKenya) 16.1 million[273] HawiyeDarod (including Majeerteen), IsaaqDirRahanweynMadhibanYibirAjuran along with significant populations in the United States, the United KingdomSweden, and Canada Islam → Sunni Islam
Songhai Nilo-Saharan → Songhai MaliNiger 4.5 million[274] Zarma Islam
Soninke Niger–Congo → Mande → Soninke Mali 2.1 million[275] Haratin Islam → Sunni Islam
Sotho Niger–Congo → Bantu → Sotho–Tswana → Sotho Free State (South Africa), Lesotho 6 million[276]   Christianity
Spaniards Indo-European → Romance → Spanish Spain[note 53] 47 million[277] in Spain. CastiliansAndalusiansAsturians (including Vaqueiros de alzada), LeoneseCantabriansAragoneseExtremaduransMirandeseCanary Islanders (including Isleños), Criollos, along with numerous colonial descendants such as Hispanos (including CaliforniosTejanos, and Neomexicanos), MexicansGuatemalans (including Hispanic Belizeans), SalvadoransHonduransNicaraguansCosta RicansPanamaniansColombiansVenezuelansEcuadoriansPeruviansBoliviansParaguayansChileansArgentinesUruguayansCubansDominicansZamboangueñosPuerto RicansFernandinos, and Spanish Filipinos Christianity → Catholicism
Sui Kra–Dai → Kam–Sui → Sui Sandu Shui Autonomous County (China) 0.4 million[278]   Animism
Sumba Austronesian → Sumba–Flores → Sumba[note 2] Sumba (Indonesia) 0.4 million[279] AnakalanguEast SumbaneseKodiLamboyaWest SumbaneseMamboruWanukaka Christianity → Protestantism
Sundanese Austronesian → Sundanese Java (Indonesia) 36.7 million[2] BanteneseBaduyCirebonese Islam → Sunni Islam
Sukuma Niger–Congo → Bantu → Sukuma Tanzania 9.6 million[citation needed]   Christianity → Catholicism
Sumbawa Austronesian → Sumbawa Sumbawa (Indonesia) 0.4 million[citation needed]   Islam
Surma Nilo-Saharan → Surmic[note 2] EthiopiaSouth Sudan 0.2 million[15] Me'enMursiKichepo Traditional African religions
Susu Niger–Congo → Mande → Susu GuineaKambia (Sierra Leone) 2.4 million[280]   Islam
Swahili Niger–Congo → Bantu → Swahili Swahili coast (KenyaTanzaniaMozambiqueComoros) 0.5 million[281] Shirazi (including ZanzibarisComorians and Maore) Islam
Swazi Niger–Congo → Bantu → Nguni → Swazi Mpumalanga (South Africa), Eswatini 1.8 million[282]   Christianity → African Zionism
Swedes Indo-European → Germanic → Nordic → Swedish Sweden 7.7 million[283] ScaniansJamtishGutnish, along with significant populations in Finland (including Åland Swedes), the United StatesCanadaArgentina and the United Kingdom Christianity → Protestantism
Sylhetis Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Sylheti Sylhet Division (Bangladesh), Barak Valley (India) 10.3 million[284]   Islam
Tabasaran Northeast Caucasian → Lezgic → Tabasaranese Tabasaranstan (Russia) 0.1 million[28]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Tagalogs Austronesian → Philippine → Tagalog Philippines 19.6 million[285] Filipino Americans Christianity → Catholicism
Tahitians Austronesian → Polynesian → Tahitian[note 18] Tahiti (France) 0.2 million[citation needed]   Christianity
Tajiks Indo-European → Iranian → Persian → Tajik AfghanistanTajikistanUzbekistan 11.2 million[286] Chagatai Islam → Sunni Islam
Talysh Indo-European → Iranian → Talysh AzerbaijanIran 0.2 million[287]   Islam → Shia Islam
Tama Nilo-Saharan → Tama ChadSudan 0.3 million[citation needed]   Islam
Tamils Dravidian → Tamil Tamil Nadu (India), Sri Lanka (Northern and Eastern Provinces) 64 million[288] Indian Tamils (including Vanniyar and Adi Dravida), Sri Lankan Tamils (including Sri Lankan Moors), Paravar, along with significant populations in MalaysiaSouth Africathe United StatesSingaporeCanada, the United Kingdom, and France (including Malbars). Hinduism
Tarok Niger–Congo → Plateau → Tarok Plateau State (Nigeria) 0.3 million[289]   Christianity
Tatars Turkic → Kipchak → Tatar Tatarstan (Russia) 5 million[290] Volga TatarsCrimean TatarsLipka TatarsSiberian TatarsMishar TatarsFinnish TatarsDobruja TatarsChinese TatarsNagaybakKryashens Islam → Sunni Islam
Tausūg Austronesian → Philippine → Visayan → Tausug Sulu Archipelago (Philippines) 1.1 million[291]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Tboli Austronesian → Philippine → Tboli South Cotabato (Philippines) 0.1–0.2 million[292]   Anitism
Telugu Dravidian → Telugu India (Andhra PradeshTelangana) 81.1 million[29] KammaReddyVelamaKapuRajuMadigaMala Hinduism
Temne Niger–Congo → Atlantic → Mel → Temne Northern Sierra Leone (Sierra Leone) 1.6 million[293]   Islam
Thais Kra–Dai → Tai → Thai Thailand 31.1 million[294] Southern ThaiKhoratLannaTai LüThai Americans Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Tibetans Sino-Tibetan → Tibetic[note 2] Tibet (China) 5.4[295]–6.2 million[296] Amdolese (including Golok and Tebbu), KhamsÜ-Tsang (including Ngari and Walung), ChangpaBaima Buddhism → Tibetan Buddhism
Tigrayans Afroasiatic → Semitic → Ethiopic → Tigrinya Eritrean Highlands (Eritrea), Tigrayia (Ethiopia) 7.6 million[297]   Christianity → Oriental Orthodoxy
Tigre Afroasiatic → Semitic → Ethiopic → Tigre Eritrea 1.8 million[298]   Islam
Tiv Niger–Congo → Tiv Benue State (Nigeria) 2.5 million[299]   Christianity
Tiwa Sino-Tibetan → Sal → Tiwa[note 4] India (AssamMeghalaya) 0.2 million[55]   Hinduism
Tlapanec Oto-Manguean → Tlapanec Guerrero (Mexico) 0.1 million[208]   Christianity → Catholicism
Toraja Austronesian → South Sulawesi → Toraja Tana Toraja (Indonesia) 1.1 million[300]   Christianity → Protestantism
Toubou Nilo-Saharan → Saharan → Tebu[note 2] Toubouland (ChadNigerSudanLibya) 2.3 million[118] DazaTeda Islam → Sunni Islam
Toucouleur Niger–Congo → Atlantic → Senegambian → Fula → Pulaar Futa Tooro (Senegal) 1 million[54]   Islam
Tripuri Sino-Tibetan → Sal → Kokborok Tripura (India) 1 million[29] JamatiaMurasing Hinduism
Tsonga Niger–Congo → Bantu → Tsonga Mozambique (Maputo City and Maputo ProvinceGaza Province), South Africa (LimpopoMpumalanga) 4.6 million[301]   Christianity → Catholicism
Tswana Niger–Congo → Bantu → Tswana BotswanaSouth Tswanaland (South Africa) 4 million[302] BaleteMangwatoBangwaketseRolong Christianity
Tujia Sino-Tibetan → Tujia[note 54] Wuling Mountains (China) 5.7 million[303]   Nuo folk religion
Tupuri Niger–Congo → Adamawa → Tupuri Far North Region (Cameroon), Mayo-Kébbi (Chad) 0.2 million[304]   Christianity
Turkana Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Turkana Turkanaland (Kenya) 1 million[155]   Christianity → Catholicism
Turks Turkic → Oghuz → Turkish Turkey 79 million[305] Turkish CypriotsMeskhetian TurksYörüks, along with significant populations in BulgariaGreeceMacedoniaGermanyFrancethe United Kingdomthe NetherlandsAustriaBelgiumSwedenthe United StatesSyria, and Iraq Islam → Sunni Islam
Turkmens Turkic → Oghuz → Turkmen Turkmenistan 6 million[306]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Tutsi Niger–Congo → Bantu → Great Lakes → Rwanda-Rundi[note 35] RwandaBurundiKivu (Democratic Republic of the Congo) 3 million[citation needed] Banyamulenge ChristianityIslam
Tuvans Turkic → Siberian → Tuvan Tuva (Russia) 0.3 million[28] Tozhu Tuvans Buddhism → Tibetan Buddhism
Udmurts Uralic → Permic → Udmurt Udmurtia (Russia) 0.6 million[28] Besermyan Christianity → Eastern Orthodox
Urhobos Niger–Congo → Edoid → Urhobo Delta State (Nigeria) 1 million[citation needed]   Christianity
Ukrainians Indo-European → Slavic → Ukrainian Ukraine 58.7 million[307] PoleshuksCossacks, along with significant populations in the United StatesBrazilKazakhstanGermanyCanadaItalyArgentina, the Czech Republic, and Romania Christianity → Eastern Orthodox
Uyghurs Turkic → Karluk → Uyghur Uyghuristan (China) 10.3 million[308] Uyghurs in Kazakhstan Islam → Sunni Islam
Uzbeks Turkic → Karluk → Uzbek Uzbekistan 20 million[309] Uzbeks in Russia Islam → Sunni Islam
Venda Niger–Congo → Bantu → Tshivenda Vendaland (South Africa) 1.3 million[310]   ChristianityTraditional African religions
Vietnamese Austroasiatic → Vietic → Vietnamese Vietnam 73.6 million[32] MuongGinPhenChutThổNungGiáy, along with significant populations in the United StatesCambodiaFranceAustraliaCanadaTaiwanJapanKoreaGermany and Laos Buddhism → Mahayana
Visayans Austronesian → Philippine → Visayan[note 2] Visayas (Philippines) 35.7 million[311] AklanonButuanonCebuano (including Boholano and Eskaya), CaluyanonCapiznonsHiligaynonKaray-aMasbateñosNegrensePorohanonRomblomanon (including Bantoanons), Waray Christianity → Catholicism
Wa Austroasiatic → Palaungic → Wa Wa State (Myanmar) 1.2 million[citation needed]   BuddhismAnimism
Walloons Indo-European → Romance → French → Walloon[note 55] Wallonia (Belgium) 4.9 million[312]   Christianity → Catholicism
Waxiang Sino-Tibetan → Chinese → Waxiang Chinese Hunan (China) 0.3 million[313]   Chinese folk religion
Welayta Afroasiatic → Omotic → Wolayitta Wolayitia (Ethiopia) 1.7 million[15]   Christianity → Protestantism
Welsh Indo-European → Celtic → Welsh[note 23] Wales (United Kingdom) 16.3 million[314] significant populations in Argentinathe United StatesCanada, and Australia. Christianity → Protestantism
Wolof Niger–Congo → Atlantic → Senegambian → Wolof Senegambia (SenegalThe Gambia) 5.9 million[315] Lebu, along with numerous slave descendants such as Haratins and MartinicansAfrican AmericansAfro-BahamiansAfro-BarbadiansAfro-BraziliansAfro-DominicansAfro-Puerto RicansAfro-HaitiansAfro-Saint LuciansAfro-TrinbagoniansAmerico-LiberiansBelizean Creoles Islam → Sunni Islam
Xhosa Niger–Congo → Bantu → Nguni → Xhosa Xhosaland (South Africa) 7.3 million[316]   Christianity
Yakan Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Barito → Sama–Bajaw → Yakan Basilan (Philippines) 0.1 million[317]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Yakö Niger–Congo → Cross River → Yakö Yakurr Local Government (Nigeria) 0.1 million[318]   Christianity
Yakuts Turkic → Siberian → Yakut Yakutia (Russia) 0.5 million[28]   Christianity → Eastern Orthodox
Yao Niger–Congo → Bantu → Yao MalawiMozambiqueTanzania (Ruvuma and Mtwara Regions) 2.6 million[319]   Islam
Yi Sino-Tibetan → Loloish[note 2] China (YunnanSichuanGuizhouGuangxi)[note 3] 7.8 million[320] Phù LáAzha Bimoism
Yoruba Niger–Congo → Yoruba Yorubaland (NigeriaBenin) 20 million[321] EgunIjeshaEgbaYewaIgbominaAworiAkokoOkunAnaEkitiIlajeOku Christianity
Zaghawa Nilo-Saharan → Saharan → Zaghawa ChadSudan 0.3 million[94]   Islam → Sunni Islam
Zande Niger–Congo → Zande Democratic Republic of the CongoCentral African RepublicSouth Sudan 3.8 million[322] Barambu Christianity
Zapotecs Oto-Manguean → Zapotec[note 2] Oaxaca (Mexico) 0.5 million[208] Ixtlán Christianity → Catholicism
Zhuang Kra–Dai → Tai → Zhuang[note 2] Zhuangia (China) 16.2 million[323]   Moism
Zulu Niger–Congo → Bantu → Nguni → Zulu KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) 9 million[324] Northern Ndebele Christianity